对于西格蒙德·弗洛伊德(Sigmund Freud)而言,罗马市的考古学是潜意识中的隐喻–一个不会丢失或遗忘任何记忆或影响的地方。这个城市最近的发掘使心理学家得以实现’的幻想。一条新的都市铁路线的建设带来了许多发现,从青铜时代的农场到哈德良尼克罗马的演讲厅’的大学。在这座古城中心的帕拉蒂尼山上重新进行的探索甚至声称找到了卢珀卡–纪念她的狼的纪念碑’罗缪勒斯和雷木斯的养育–和尼禄皇帝’的圆形餐厅。旧景点也变得越来越新,从今年年初开始,游客已经能够进入几十年来不对外开放的古迹。

地下考古

罗马’始建于20世纪中后期的吱吱作响和拥挤不堪的地下铁路网络正在发生重大动荡。这包括建立一个全新的系统– the Metro C –全长25公里,对角线穿过城市。在城市内部,这些隧道将远低于任何考古地层–但车站和通风井的建设将对该城市产生巨大影响’s archaeology. Exploratory trenches have therefore been sunk at all intended station sites so that ancient structures can be recorded and, hopefully, avoided when construction work begins in earnest. The excavations were supervised by the 罗马 Archaeological Superintendency (罗马特别出版社) 在以下个人董事的领导下工作。

地铁’位于城市外围23公里处的东部终点站,覆盖了早期青铜时代的湖滨定居时期。该遗址是为拉齐奥地区考古监督而发掘的 (拉齐奥贝尼考古学出版社) by Micaela Angle. Prehistoric land reclamation was detected in the form of a pebble track-way, with bedding containing obsidian stone tools, loom weights, pottery, tiny fragments of copper and toasted legumes and seeds (peas, beans, oats, grains). Between here and the city, excavations directed by Rossella Rea revealed traces of quarrying and ancient agriculture (including apple orchards, wells and irrigation channels) dating to the 3rd century BC. The closer construction got to 罗马, the more tombs were encountered. These ranged in date from the late 1st century BC to the end of Antiquity in the 6th century AD. The early interments took the form of multiple cremations in frescoed 哥伦比亚,而在晚些时候,主要是简单的表面麻痹。紧接在公元3世纪城墙外,是哈德里亚式的大理石工人’找到了院子。这个早期的回收中心积累了旧的雕像头和大理石块,将它们重新切割成铺路砖和墙面装饰。


本文摘自《世界时间史学》第42期发表的全文。 点击这里订阅

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